The Most Common STDs and How to Spot Them
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that you get through sexual intercourse and oral sex. There are many different STDs, but the most common ones include HPV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and herpes. Keep reading to learn about each of these STDs and symptoms that you might notice if you have one of them.
The most common sexually transmitted disease is the human papillomavirus or HPV. It is said that about 70% or more of adults in the United States have HPV. This STD is very easy to transmit to sexual partners when you don’t use protection, which is why it is more common in people with multiple sex partners or who don’t use protection every time.
You can get HPV through vaginal or anal sex, as well as oral sex as basic skin-to-skin contact. There aren’t many symptoms, aside from genital warts that some people get. Though keep in mind not everyone gets genital warts, and some people have warts without having HPV. There are vaccines that can help to protect you from HPV, especially the types that lead to cervical cancer.
The second most common STD you can get is gonorrhea, which sounds scary, but it is completely treatable. It is important to note that if you don’t get treatment in a timely manner, your gonorrhea can get worse and lead to more serious medical conditions. This is why when you think you have a medical issue of any kind, you should never feel embarrassed about it. Talk to your doctor!
Gonorrhea is passed through vaginal, oral, or anal sex when it is not protected by a condom. The symptoms for women include urination that is painful, bleeding or spotting between your periods and an increase in discharge. In men, they might also have swollen testicles.
Another common sexually transmitted disease is chlamydia, which is more commonly spread through vaginal or anal intercourse, though it can also be transmitted through oral sex. Similar to other STDs, chlamydia might cause a burning sensation when you pee, burning throughout the day of your vagina, or discharge you didn’t have before. It can be treated with antibiotics, so it is important not only to get treatment if you suspect you have it but to inform your sexual partners of it swell.
And lastly, there is herpes, which unfortunately has no cure. Herpes shows in flare-ups, instead of having the symptoms consistently. With herpes, you will get bumps and blisters on your vagina, including your vulva and anus. You can get herpes from a herpes carrier during vaginal, anal, or oral sex if it was not protected by a condom.